1. Automotive Fuel Research Programs
With the support of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, JPEC conducted the following collaborative research programs between automobile and petroleum industries:
a. Japan Clean Air Program (JCAP): Fiscal 1997-2006 (JCAPⅠ: 1997-2001, JCAPⅡ: 2002-2006)
b. Japan Auto-oil Program (JATOP): Fiscal 2007-2011
JCAP was implemented for reducing motor vehicle emissions for improving air quality. JATOP aimed at developing optimum automobile/fuel utilization technologies which help curbing CO2 emissions, diversifying fuels and reducing automobile exhaust emissions.